Learning and development is linked to the history of man to his construction. Evolution is a social being with the ability to adapt to new situations.

It has always been taught and learned in a more or less elaborate and organized way. Even before the beginning of this century there were explanations for learning. Its study is closely linked to the development of psychology as a science. However, this study was not carried out in a uniform and consistent manner.

Learning and knowledge has been considered a process of association between a stimulating situation and the response.  The connection of learning is connected with adaptation.  The individual environment according to the function theory established the outcomes.

Defines learning as a process by which an activity originates or is modified by the reaction to a situation encountered. Since the characteristics of the change of activity cannot be explained by innate tendencies of responses maturation or states. Temporary effects of the body, for example, fatigue or drugs.

Define learning and development as the result of the stimulation of the environment on the already mature individual. A problem situation is the form of a change in behavior.

Learning and skills involves the use and development of all human powers abilities and potential both physical mental and affective.

This means that learning cannot be considered only a memorization process. Employees set mental functions or only physical or emotional as all these aspects are necessary.

Learning and skills to cause an effective change in behavior and increasingly expand the potential of the student. It is necessary for him to perceive the relationship between what he is learning and his life.  The subject needs to be able to recognize the situations in which he is learning.

Who will apply the new knowledge or skill?

learning and development

Six basic characteristics of learning and development

Dynamic process

In this process, learning only takes place through the activity of the learner, involving the total and global participation of the individual. That is, in

At school, the student learns by participating in activities such as reading texts, listening to the teacher’s explanations, researching and interacting.

Thus, school learning depends not only on the content of the books, nor only on what the teacher teaches, but much more on the reaction of the students.

Continuous process

Learning and development is always present, from the beginning of life. For example, when sucking the mother’s breast, the child faces the first learning problem.

He will have to coordinate sucking, swallowing and breathing movements. It is a learning process from school age adolescence adulthood and even into old age in old age.

Global or composite process

Human behavior is considered as global or composite as it always includes motor emotional and ideational or mental aspects. Therefore, learning, involving a change in behavior, will have to demand the total and global participation of the individual.

So all the constitutive aspects of his personality enter into activity. Personal process learning is considered non-transferable from one individual to another.

No one can learn for someone else. Therefore, the way of learning and the pace of learning vary from individual to individual, given the personal nature of learning.

Gradual process

Each learning and knowledge place through increasingly complex operations that is in each new situation it involves a greater number of elements. So, each new learning and development adds new elements to the previous experience.

Cumulative process:

When analyzing the act of learning and development is to progress learning results from previous activity. Individual experience is that no one learns except for himself and in himself through self-modification.

In this way learning is a cumulative process, in which current experience builds on previous experiences. And the accumulation of experiences leads to the organization of new patterns of behavior.

Which are incorporated by the subject?


The fundamental function of human learning is to internalize or incorporate culture in order to be part of it. We become people as we personalize culture. Thanks to learning, we incorporate the culture which in turn brings new forms of learning.

Each society, each culture generates its own forms of learning its own means of learning. In this way, the learning of culture ends up leading to a particular learning culture. And learning activities must be understood in the context of the social demands that generate them.

In addition is to fact that different things are learned in different cultures.  Culturally relevant or processes of learning also vary.

The relationship between the learner and the learning materials is mediated by certain functions. Learning and development process involved to improve from the social organization of these activities and the goals imposed by the instructors or teachers.

According to the National Curriculum Parameters it can be said that the student needs to develop hypotheses and experiment with them in order to achieve meaningful learning.

Affective learning and development motivational and relational factors and processes are important at this time. The knowledge generated in the personal and educational history plays. A conclusive role in the outlooks that the student of the school and of himself.

It learning and  becomes essential that the educator’s intervention provides a development towards.  A meaningful learning and development is a successful experience the student builds a representation of himself as someone capable.

Finally we want to highlight the characteristics of the learning concept. We incorporate new knowledge values ​​and skills that are typical of the culture and society in which we live.

The learning and knowledge that we incorporate makes us change our behavior, ways of acting, ways of responding. They are the product of the education that other individuals.  In our society have planned and organized for the children learning and development to improved society.

The learning and skills process can be understood from different perspectives, but regardless of the priority given to certain factors.  A common point present in learning theories is the correlation between the representations and internal conditions of the subject.



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